Breakthrough Astrophysics Codes to Quickly Model Star Collisions

“Octo-Tiger,” the groundbreaking astrophysics code, simulates the evolution of self-gravity techniques and arbitrary geometry rotation utilizing adaptive mesh enhancements and new strategies to parallelize the code to attain superior speeds.

The brand new code for modeling star collisions is quicker than the code used for numerical simulations. This analysis stems from a novel collaboration between experimental pc scientists and astrophysicists at LSU’s Division of Physics & Astronomy, LSU Middle for Computing & Expertise, Indiana Kokomo College, and Macquarie College, Australia, culminating in additional than a 12 months of benchmark testing and scientific simulations, supported by a number of NSF grants, together with one particularly designed to interrupt the barrier between pc science and astrophysics


“Due to vital effort throughout this collaboration, we now have a dependable computational framework to simulate stellar mergers,” mentioned Patrick Motl, professor of physics at Indiana College Kokomo. “By considerably decreasing the computational time to finish the simulation, we will start to ask new unanswered questions when single-combination simulations are invaluable and really time consuming. We will discover extra parameter areas, study simulations at very excessive spatial resolutions or for an extended time after merging, and we will lengthen simulations to incorporate extra full bodily fashions by together with radiation switch, for instance.”

Not too long ago revealed within the Month-to-month Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, “Octo-Tiger: A New 3D Hydrodynamic Code for Stellar Concatenation Utilizing HPX Parallelization,” investigates the efficiency and precision of the code by means of benchmark testing. The authors, Dr. Dominic C. Marcello, postdoctoral researcher; Sagiv Shiber, postdoctoral researcher; Dr. Juhan Frank, professor; Geoffrey C. Clayton, professor; Dr Patrick Diehl, analysis scientist; and Dr. Hartmut Kaiser, analysis scientist, from Louisiana State College—together with collaborator Dr. Orsola De Marco, professor at Macquarie College and Dr. Patrick M. Motl, professor at Indiana College Kokomo—in contrast their outcomes with analytical options, if identified, and different grid-based codes, akin to the favored FLASH. As well as, they calculated the interactions between the 2 white dwarfs from the beginning of mass switch to fusion and in contrast the outcomes with earlier simulations of comparable techniques.

“A check on Australia’s quickest supercomputer, Gadi (#25 on the World Prime 500 listing), confirmed that Octo-Tiger, working at a core rely of over 80,000, carried out very nicely for a big mannequin of stellar fusion,” mentioned De Marco. “With Octo-Tiger, not solely have been we capable of dramatically cut back ready instances, however our mannequin was capable of reply extra of the questions we wished to ask.”

Octo-Tiger is presently optimized to simulate well-completed stellar mergers that may be approximated by barotropic buildings, akin to white dwarfs or essential sequence stars. The gravity breaker saves angular momentum to machine precision, because of the correction algorithm. This code makes use of HPX parallelization, permitting for overlapping work and communication and resulting in wonderful scaling properties for fixing massive issues in a shorter timeframe.

“This paper demonstrates how asynchronous task-based runtime techniques can be utilized as a sensible different to Message Passing Interfaces to help necessary astrophysics issues,” mentioned Diehl.

This research outlines present and deliberate improvement areas aimed toward addressing numerous bodily phenomena related to transient observations.

“Whereas our explicit analysis curiosity is in stellar mergers and their aftermath, there are numerous issues in computational astrophysics that Octo-Tiger can handle with its underlying infrastructure for self-gravity fluids,” mentioned Motl.

The animation above was ready by Shiber, who says, “Octo-Tiger exhibits excellent efficiency each in answer accuracy and in scaling to tens of 1000’s of cores. These outcomes exhibit Octo-Tiger as an excellent code for modeling mass switch in binary techniques and in simulating stellar mergers.”

Leave a Comment